The Diabetes Awareness Seminar was held with bloggers together with their relatives whom are diabetics. It was sponsored by Johnson and Johnson Medical Philippines last May 26, 2012, Saturday, 8PM at Max’s Restaurant, Gateway Mall in Cubao, Quezon City.
I was with my sister, Sophia Cabantog and Faustina Marie Cabantog. Upon arriving on the said venue, we were asked to register on the registration area and to also have our blood sugar taken by their med tech using the Johnson and Johnson product , One Touch Glucometer. There is another registration on the blood sugar testing table as there will be a comparison between the before and after dinner blood sugar results.
|Myself during the pre-dinner blood sugar testing|
The med tech had a hard time getting the blood out so he had to prick me twice, of course it hurts a little and he said sorry but I was still afraid of the thought that I will be pricked. Results show that I have 133 blood sugar, I am diabetic and it is normal for me to see numbers like that.
|My blood sugar results|
Next in line was my sister Sophia Cabantog. Bravely, she just do not look on the med tech staff =)
|my sister during the pre-dinner blood sugar testing|
Her results is of course as expected lower than mine as she is not diabetic, 91.
Sometimes she even have hypoglycemia and had to eat candy just to boost her blood sugar.
|my sister's blood sugar results|
After the blood sugar testing, we got a vacant table and took the front seats on the extreme left area of the venue.
|The Cabantog sisters|
We were served roasted nuts for the appetizer. At exactly 8PM, Max’s waiters had served iced tea and soup of the day (seems like a mushroom soup for me with cabbage).
The opening remarks was being addressed by their intern-OJT Marjorie Chan whom also organized the event.
Alex Villareal, 66 years old and one of the speakers for the night who had diabetes for 14 years shared his life story. He even said that you can still live a normal life even if you're diabetic.
I learned some points from the speaker, which are:
- Do not miss any of your medicines, everyday after your meals
- Do constant monitoring of your blood sugar (because monitoring is a tool for managing the disease) He mentioned that sometimes we do not feel anything but we do not know that our blood sugar may already be high. Also he do monitoring to adjust his medicines under his doctor’s supervision and directions.
- Do your regular check up – his doctor had advised him a test called foot screening. Persons with diabetes may be at danger of developing foot problems. Therefore it is useful to be screened, at least once a year, to identify the occurrence of neuropathy, or any foot abnormality.
- Always do exercise – the speaker said he does cycling
- Do occasional researches on medicines and about diabetes
And at the same time, dinner was served. Pansit Canton, Sweet and Sour Fish Fillet,
Plain Rice, Oriental Beef with Mushroom, and Max’s Fried Chicken. The dessert which was frozen fruit salad was served on the last part of the program.
|Max's Pansit Canton|
|Sweet & Sour Fish Fillet and Plain Rice|
|Oriental Beef with Mushroom|
|Max’s Fried Chicken|
The Customer Service Representative from Johnson and Johnson, Barbie had introduced the main speaker for the night - Dr. John G. Flores, M.D., M.Sc., MBA which was mentioned to be an epidemiologist and is based in Singapore. The title of his talk was: An evening with Numbers; So, what?
I learned that in digestion:
- Proteins breaks down to amino acids
- Fats breaks down to fatty acids (which are called glycerol in technical terminology)
- Carbohydrates breaks down to Glucose
|Fats breaks down to fatty acids|
The pancreas contains enzyme producing cells that secrete two hormones. The two hormones are insulin and glucose. Insulin and glucose are secreted directly into the bloodstream, and together, they regulate the level of glucose in the blood.
Glucose = Fuel
Insulin= Ignition Key
|Insulin= Ignition Key|
Insulin lowers the blood sugar level and increases the amount of glucose (stored carbohydrate) in the liver.
Insulin is the glucose helper. Allowing glucose (and other nutrients enter the cells and provide ENERGY!
Insulin is the glucose helper
Glucose slowly increases the blood sugar level if it falls too low. If the insulin secreting cells do not work properly, diabetes occurs.
|LACK OF INSULIN=DIABETES|
Clinical Types of Diabetes
- Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
- Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
- Gestational Disease (during pregnancy period)
Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus vs. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
Type 1 DM has destroyed pancreatic beta cells
Type 2 DM has decreased insulin secretion and insulin resistance
|destroyed pancreatic beta cells|
|Insulin resistance - too much fat gets in the way of Insulin|
Risk Factors causing Diabetes
- Sedetary lifestyle (inactive, couch potato, etc)
- Medications (hormones, steroids)
- Open Heart Surgery
How do we know if someone has Diabetes?
- Ancient Egyptians taste their urine
- If the urine has attracted ants
|Normal fasting glucose should be between 70-100mg/dl|
200mg/dl + symptoms = Diabetic
- extreme thirst
- dry skin
- frequent urination
- blurred vision
An American spent his vacation here in the Philippines. He enjoyed so much of the Filipino food. When he got back in the US, he was rushed to the hospital. Why?
His dog ate his toes while he was sleeping!
Effective diabetes control can prevent complications of:
- Hypoglycemia (low blood glucose)
- Hyperglycemia (high blood glucose)
|Diabetes Mellitus Complications|
- Medications (underdose)
- No exercise
- Stressful condition
|Causes of Hyperglycemia |
- delayed meals
- too much vigorous exercise
- too much medicine
|Causes of Hypoglycemia |
- Fast Heart Beat
- Impaired vision
What can we do about it?
- Medical Nutrition Therapy
- Patients' education
- Optimization of glucose control thru SMBG (Self Monitoring Blood Glucose)
How big is the problem with Diabetes?
Diabetes has 7 million new cases per year in Asia alone according to the World Diabetes Federation.
SMART Goals of Theraphy
Among People with Diabetes
Achieve Blood Glucose Control
Blood Pressure Control
|SMART Goals of Theraphy|
SMART Goals of Theraphy Among People with Type 2 Diabetes
(American Diabetes Association)
Blood Glucose Control
Fasting glucose between 70-130mg/dl
2-hour post-prandial glucose of less than 180mg/dl
Monitoring of blood glucose sample
|SMART Goals of Theraphy with Type 2 Diabetes |
See Sample Profile Testing photo
|Sample Profile Testing|
A good glucose monitor?
|Factors to Consider in Glucose Meter Selection|
- Glucose control is one of the cornerstones of diabetes management
- Good glucose control means
- Fasting Plasma Glucose of 70-130mg/dl
- Post-prandial glucose of less than 180mg/dl
Before the program ended, they raffled out some prizes like Brent and Sam’s Triple Chocolate Bliss Cookies. Its good for diabetics, it is low-sugar and low in calories.
One of the winners was my sister, Sophia Cabantog.
And also Nita Mehta’s Cookbook for Controlling Diabetes Vegetarian Recipes in which I was also a winner. I browsed the cookbook and it is very nice as it has colorful recipe pictures inside but I am just not sure if the ingredients are all readily available locally as the author is a Hindu. There are also some ingredients in their Hindi name equivalent.
The program ended at exactly 10PM and as agreed, there will be a blood sugar testing comparison 2 hours after eating dinner. My sister’s blood sugar result changed from 91 to 128.
Mine only increased to 1 point which is from 133 to 134 as I had drink my medication Metformin Glumet after my meal.
Upon exiting the venue, freebies were waiting outside for the participants.
It includes One Touch memo Pad, ballpen and flyers.
Its true, it can have serious side effects (cardiovascular illness, kidney and liver complications, blindness, infections and even the loss of limbs), but as long as one follows one’s doctor’s advice, including religiously taking the prescribed medications, one can live a fairly normal life. Diabetes is a lifestyle disease. Millions of diabetics live a long, healthy life by taking care of their day-to-day health, and so can you!